19 SDC 2016* – SDC M, Litwok D. Do night driving bans reduce the criminal involvement of young people? Proof of progressive driver`s license. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. 2016;35(2):306-32. Overall, many states experienced a decline in accidents, fatalities, and injuries after the passage of GDL 4, 22, 23, 24; However, the magnitude of the effects tends to vary depending on the strength of the GDL laws in each state.10 A New Jersey-based study shows that implementing GDL, with comprehensive public awareness campaigns and targeted app, may be more effective in reducing teen driver fatalities than just implementing GDL9. Drivers will need their Social Security card, an original or certified birth certificate, and proof of residency. Acceptable documents to prove residence in Kentucky include a utility bill or agreement, mortgage documents, a letter postmarked with the driver`s name and current address, a property tax deed or bill, or a rental housing contract. A mailbox is not acceptable; This must be the physical address. Before a teen driver can proceed to the intermediate licensing phase, parents/guardians must document and sign the driving protocol and verification form that confirm that the driver has completed 60 hours of driving training, 10 of which must take place at night. Raising the minimum age for permits or full registrations may, in certain circumstances, reduce the number of fatal accidents among 15- to 17-year-olds.6, 12 and 20 years of age. GDL laws that require a longer period of ownership of the learning permit may reduce fatal accidents more than GDL laws that require a shorter period of licence holding4, 7.
Banning an intermediate licence up to the age of 16.5 years or older may reduce the number of road deaths among 16-year-old drivers compared to such a licence at an earlier age.5,10 Strict laws appear to reduce fatal accidents among drivers aged 18 to 196 and 16. Experts recommend extending the strict GDL guidelines to all inexperienced drivers under the age of 214, 8, 14, 21. Supervised learning phase. A young driver receives an apprenticeship licence after passing the qualifying examination. The new driver can only drive with an adult supervisor in the car for a certain period of time or a minimum number of hours before acquiring an intermediate driver`s license. State Farm`s latest survey found that teen drivers and their parents have very different views on teens` compliance with GDL laws. The survey, published in September 2013, found that 87 percent of parents think teens will follow GDL laws, but only 56 percent of teens think they will. 65% of parents say they keep track of teenage passengers, while only 27% of teens say they do. 82% of parents say their teens almost always follow texting laws, while 72% of teens say they do. Kentucky drivers under the age of 18 must go through three stages of licensing: a learning permit, an intermediate license, and then a full license without restriction. Masten, S.
V., Foss, R. D. & Marshall, S. W. (2011). Progressive driving license and fatal accidents with drivers from 16 to 19 years old. Journal of the American Medical Association, 306(10), 1098-1103. The Graduated Driver`s Licence (GDL) is a three-tier system that allows young drivers to gain driving experience, consisting of a supervised learning licence, an intermediate (trial) licence and a full licence1. GDL laws are set at the state level and strength varies by state1.
Strict GDL laws often include strict driving bans for passengers and night driving during the intermediate license period, higher minimum ages for learning licenses, intermediate and full licenses, and/or increased requirements for supervised driving between license levels2, 3. The driver`s parents/guardians must confirm that the driver has completed 60 hours of driving training, of which 10 hours must take place at night. For the Driving Log and Practice Verification form, go to apps.transportation.ky.gov/gdl/. Progressive Driver`s Licence (GDL) programs allow young drivers to gain safe driving experience before receiving all driving privileges. Most programs include three levels: 9 Good 2018* – Good S, Suber I, Anderson A, Livingston DH. Implementation is not enough: the progressive driver`s license benefits from comprehensive law enforcement, education and awareness campaigns. Zeitschrift für Unfall- und Akutchirurgie. 2018;85(4):704-10. 21 Curry 2017b* – Curry AE, Foss RD, Williams AF. Progressive Driving License for Older Novice Drivers: Critical Analysis of Problems.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2017;53(6):923-927. 8 Conner 2017a* – Conner KA, Smith GA. . .